Одрин

Одрин, разположен в Турция, е един от 81-те града. Одрин, разположен в района на Мармара, е граничен град, съседен на Гърция и България. При последното преброяване, проведено през 2018 г., населението на Одрин е определено като 180 327. Настоящият кмет на града е Реджеп Гюркан от Републиканската народна партия. Пощенският код на Одрин е 22100, табелният код е 22, а провинциалният код (телефон) е 0 284.

ГЕОГРАФСКА ИНФОРМАЦИЯ

Edirne in Turkey is hosting the boundaries of the land border crossing connecting Europe; It was established on the plain where Tunca River, Arda River and Meriç River meet. Terrestrial climate is seen in Edirne. Edirne city center; It is only 7 km from Greece and 17 km from Bulgaria. Edirne’s area is 844 square kilometers; its altitude is 41 meters.


ИСТОРИЯ НА ОДИРНЕ

As stated in the study published by Arzu Diktaş in 2008, the first settlements known in Edirne and its surroundings were the Odriss and Bettegers from the Thracian tribes. The first tribes to settled started to live in the area where Edirne city center is located today. It is thought that they established an open city and market place here. Between 1400-1200 BC, the Achaeans became the owners of the region this time. After this period, Edirne began to be known as “police”, that is, the city. B.C. The region came under Persian rule in 510 BC. In 460, it was again captured by Odriss, one of the first settlers. B.C. While Macedonians dominated the region this time in 340, the name of the city began to be known as Orestia. B.C. Conquered by the Romans in 168, Orestia was named Hadrianapolis. After the Roman Empire split in two, Hadrianapolis remained under Byzantine control. It was captured by the Bulgarians in 813, but was left under the Byzantine Empire again only 2 years later by treaty. In 1361, the name of the city, which finally joined the Ottoman Empire, changed to Edirne and then began to be the capital of the Ottoman Empire. Edirne, which was the capital until Istanbul was conquered in 1453, never lost its importance even if it lost its title of capital. Continuing to be the favorite of the sultans, Edirne remained a lively commercial and administrative center.

ЕДИРНА ИНФОРМАЦИЯ ЗА НАСЕЛЕНИЕТО
 

The following information was obtained from the first census in Edirne in 1892. In the last census conducted in 2018, the population of Edirne was determined as 180,327.

ПОДРОБНОСТИ ЗА НАСЕЛЕНИЕТО НА ЕДРИН 1892 г.

Din

Kadın Erkek Toplam

İslam

17.948

18.649

36.597

Rum

13.914 14.342 28.256

Ermeni

1.753 1.662

3.415

Yahudi 3.867 4.112

7.979

Bulgar

4.329 4.910

9.239

Katolik 97

105

202

Protestan

18 24

42

Latin

2 1

3

Toplam 41.928 43.805  85.733